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 Post subject: Facts & Figures - Egypt
PostPosted: Fri Dec 05, 2008 5:27 am  |  Posted from: Egypt
  

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Location: Luxor (Egypt)
Egypt
BASIC FACTS
Capital
Cairo

Language
Arabic is the official language; English and French are used by an educated elite; Nobiin, Berber and Coptic are used for religious purposes.

Area size
995450 sq. km

Area comparison
Slightly smaller than Scandinavia

Population
2002 70.5 million UNFPA
2015 est 90.0 million UNFPA



PEOPLE
Ethnic groups
Eastern Hamitic 90 percent, Greek, Italian or Syro-Lebanese 10 percent.

Religion
94 percent of the population is Sunni Muslim. Coptic Christians and others account for 6 percent.

Percentage urban population
42.1 percent (2002)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Percentage of population under 15
35.2 percent (2002)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004



USEFUL INFORMATION
Time zone
GMT +2 (Winter) GMT+3 (Summer)
Source: Greenwhich Mean Time website

Climate description
Apart from the Mediterranean, the climate is nearly entirely desert. The most unpleasant weather occurs between March and early June, when there are often dust storms. Intense summer heat but bearable by low humidity; winters dry and sunny.

Currency
Egyptian pounds

Telephone dialling code
(+) 20



STANDARD OF LIVING
Average life expectancy
68.8 years (2002)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Infant mortality
35 per 1,000 live births (2002)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Child mortality - deaths before the age of five
41 per 1,000 live births (2002)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Maternal mortality
84 per 100,000 live births (2000)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Human development index (HDI rank)
120 (2004)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Percentage of children under weight for age (under age 5)
11 percent (2002)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Percentage of undernourished population
3 percent (1999-2001 average)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Population with access to improved water
97 percent (2000)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Population with access to improved sanitation
98 percent (2000)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Literacy - average
55.6 percent (2002)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Literacy - male
67.2 percent (2002)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Literacy - female
43.6 percent (2002)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Landlines telephones
110 per 1,000 people (2002)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Internet users
28.2 per 1,000 people (2002)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

TVs
189 per 1,000 people
Source: NI World Guide

Radios
339 per 1,000 people
Source: NI World Guide

Transparency International corruption ranking (1=least corrupt, 145=most corrupt)
77 (2004)
Source: Transparency International




ECONOMY & AID
Percentage of population living on less than US$1 a day
3.1 percent (2002)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

GNI per capita, Atlas method
1390 current US$ (2003)
Source: World Bank Data Profile Tables

GDP
82.4 current US$ billions (2003)
Source: World Bank Data Profile Tables

Annual GDP growth
3.2 percent (2003)
Source: World Bank Data Profile Tables

Official development aid received
58689 US$'000 (2002)
Source: UNFPA - State of the World Population Report 2004




HEALTH
Physicians
218 per 100,000 people (1990-2003 average)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Percentage HIV+ (adults aged 15-49)
<0.1 percent (End 2003)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004

Malaria
Very limited risk of malaria transmission (2004-2005)
Source: WHO International Travel and Health

TB cases
38 per 100,000 people (2002)
Source: UNDP - Human Development Report 2004




CONFLICT & MIGRATION
Number of refugees originating here
5735 (2003)
Source: UNHCR

Number of refugees residing here
94158 (2003)
Source: UNHCR

Landmine casualties per year
7 (2004)
Source: Landmine Monitor Report

Signatory to landmine convention?
No (2004)
Source: Landmine Monitor Report

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